There are many types of brass fitting available in the industry for various functions. These bras pipe fittings come in many sizes, material grade and configurations.
Brass fitting can perform various functions such as connecting brass pipes, changing direction, reducing diameter, or regulate flow.
With these, let’s explore common types of brass fittings:
1. Brass Adapter Fittings
There are various types of brass pipe adapters, each of them designed for specific tasks and connections. A list of common adapter brass fitting include:
It is also known as pipe thread extender, typically used to extend the length of a threaded pipe. An extender has two thread ends, one male and one female that used to connect two pipes together. The male end has external threads, which can be screwed into a female which has internal thread.
Long Extension Adapter
This is a type of adapter brass fitting designed to provide longer extension to extend the length of a pipe. It is longer compared to other adapters and it also has one male and one female thread ends.
Male to Female Adapter
Brass fitting commonly used in plumbing and industrial application designed to connect two pipes with different gender thread. The male thread end is fitted into a female threaded opening pipe while the female threaded end is fitted into a male threaded pipe.
Female to Female Adapter
This fitting is designed to connect two pipes but with the same thread ends. It is characterized by having internal thread ends, which allow both opening pipes that have male thread ends to connect in them.
Male to Male Adapter
The male-to-male adapter has external thread ends on both sides which is designed to connect two female threaded pipes.
This type of adapter commonly known as a reducer adapter, is a type of fitting used to connect two pipes of different diameters. This particular adapter provides a transition between the two pipes either from a bigger diameter to the smallest one or vice versa.
Horse Barb Adapter
It is fitting that provides a secure connection between the pipe and a hose. One side of the adapter has thread end either female or male, depending on the application. the other side has the barbed end that is connected to the hose. Barbs from the adapter grips the hose preventing it from slipping.
A flare adapter is a device used in plumbing or gas applications to connect two pipes with different connections. It does the conversion of a flare connection to a threaded connection and vice versa. Flare adapters are designed to provide a leak-free connection where a reliable seal is needed.
National Pipe Thread (NPT) to British Standard Pipe (BSP) Adapter
This is a type of fitting used to connect two pipes with different threading standards. The national pipe thread is a threading standard used in United States, while the BSP is a British threading standard. Since the two threading standards are not compatible, an adapter is used to connect them.
A street adapter is a fitting that is used to connect two pipe with different sizes. This adapter has one side having male end and a female end to the other side. The male end is designed to fit in a bigger sized pipe, while a female end can hold small sized pipe.
It is a type of hydraulic brass adapter fitting that allows for rotation of one end while keeping the other side still. It has a swivel joint in between the thread ends to make the two ends to rotate independently.
2. Brass Pipe Elbow Fittings
These are brass fitting that are commonly used in plumbing system to change the direction of liquid flow.
90◦Forged Male Elbow
This is a brass fitting designed to change the direction of a pipe at 90◦ angle while having a threaded connection on one end.
90◦Forged Male Reducing Elbow
It is a pipe fitting that changes the direction of a pipe at a right angle but also reduces the pipe size. Comes with a male threaded end on one side to allow it to be screwed to a female threaded pipe connection.
A brass elbow that turns the pipe direction at a right angle and has internal threads on both ends. The threads are usually connected with male pipes.
90◦Forged Female Elbow
This is a fitting that is designed to change direction of a pipe at a right angle while providing internal threads on both ends.
It is a specific type of an angle brass fitting that is designed with internal threads on both ends. The fitting is typically used to change the direction of a pipe at 45-degree.
Elbow fitting that is used to change the direction of a pipe at a 45-degree angle. The elbow is designed with a male threaded which is directly screwed into a female pipe. It is commonly used plumbing systems to route pipes around corners.
45◦Forged Street Elbow
This type of fitting also changes the direction of a pipe at a 45degree angle while also having an exterior threaded on one end.
90◦Forged Street Elbow
Brass fitting design to change the direction of a pipe at a 90-degree angle while having a male thread on one end
90◦Forged Reducing Street Elbow
A fitting that connects two pipes of different diameters at a right-angle triangle.
3. Brass Bushing
They are types of pipe fitting used in plumbing to connect two pipes with different thread sizes. They typically have a cylindrical shape that has both male and female threads.
A hex bushing is a type of pipe fitting that is used for reducing the size of female threads to a smaller diameter. It has a hexagonal shape that helps when installing and tightening it.
A hex bushing has male threads on the outside and female threads inside. The larger female thread is connected to a larger diameter pipe, while the smaller thread connects to a smaller size pipe. It is commonly used in plumbing, mechanical and industrial applications.
Pipe fitting made to reduce the size of a pipe threaded connection while a straight and smooth face on the outer surface of a fitting itself. It has different sized male and female threads on either end that allow smooth connection during thread transitioning.
The small male thread is supposed to connect to a smaller diameter pipe while a large female thread is connected onto a larger diameter pipe. A unique feature about a face bushing is that it creates a flush connection when tightened, which is suitable in applications where smooth transition is needed.
Barbed Brass Bushing
A barbed bushing is a fitting that is used to connect two hoses or flexible tubing of different sizes. It contains a ribbed end on both sides to grip the two hoses and to provide a leak tight connection. These fitting is commonly used in applications like irrigation and automotive fluid lines.
Reducing Brass Bushing
Reducing bushing is a pipe fitting that is used to transition from a larger threaded connection to a smaller threaded connection.
It also used when you want to transition from a larger pipe to a smaller pipe while maintaining a tight connection. They are used in plumbing applications to ensure different components of a system can work together.
Male to Female Brass Bushing
This is a specific pipe fitting that enables a fitting between two pipes with different gender threads.
Female to Female Brass Bushing
Female to female bushing is a pipe fitting only allowing a connection of both the two pipes with male end to be connected.
Male to Male Brass Bushing
A type of brass bushing fitting used to connect two components or pipes with male threaded connection
4. Brass Plugs
Plugs are threaded fittings that are typically used to close off the end of a pipe. It works as a seal system to prevent leakage when pipework is under maintenance.
Square Head Plug
It is a type of pipe fitting used to close the end of a threaded connection and they come in different sizes. It has a square shape head which makes it easier to install and tightening.
Countersunk HEX Plug
Countersunk HEX plugs are also fitted at the end of the pipe in a way that it flushes with the surface it is installed into.
They are used in a wide variety of applications such as industrial, plumbing and mechanical systems.
Slotted Head Plug
Similar to other plugs, it is also used to seal the end of the pipe but it is characterized by its head with a straight slot across the top. The slotted head makes it easy to install and removal by use of a flat-bed screw driver. They come with male thread on one end to allow easy installation into a female opening.
Solid HEX Plug
Solid HEX plug is a threaded pipe fitting with a hexagonal head used to cap end of pipes to prevent any passage of fluid.
Cored HEX Plug
It is a threaded pipe fitting with a hexagonal head and a hollow cored center that allows fluid or cables to pass through. They are used commonly in light industrial applications
Magnetic Brass Plug
This is a special fitting having a magnetic feature that comes with it. The magnet is there to attract and holds metal particles from fluids especially in mechanical systems like engines and transmissions.
Tapered Brass Plug
Tapered plug is a pipe fitting designed to provide security against any person trying to tamper with it. The security feature makes it difficult to remove the plug without the correct tools and knowledge. It is used where security sensitive application is needed such as safes, locks and alarm systems.
Flush Brass Plug
Flush plug fitting is a pipe fitting that has a hexagonal head with a flat surface used to seal the end of a pipe. The flat top ensures an even finish with the surrounding surface minimizing protrusions.
It is commonly used when aesthetic considerations are required. The six corners around the head makes it easy to install and remove the plug.
5. Brass Locknut
Brass locknut is a type of fastener used in plumbing to lock thread connections in place so that they may prevent bolted joint from loosening. It comes in different sizes depending on thread specification of the pipes.
It is a threaded fastener with slots on top to allow insertion of a safety pinto lock the nut in place. Slotted locknuts they are used in a variety of applications such as mechanical systems and machinery.
This is a type of locknut that is designed with a knurled outer surface that makes it easier to install and removed by hand. The knurling offers a textured grip that can be easy turned by a person quickly. This locknut is used where fasteners will be removed regularly.
Jam nut is a thin profile flex nut that is usually placed together with a standard nut to prevent it from loosening due to vibrations. It has a female thread that match with the male thread of a bolt.
The jam nut is important in application where there is a lot of movement that can lead to loose nuts. Some of the industries that use jam nuts include manufacturing, machinery and automotive assembly.
6. Brass Tee Pipe Fitting
A brass pipe tee is a plumbing fitting that creates a junction by allowing joining of three pipes at a write angle forming a “T” shape.
It’s commonly used in plumbing applications to branch off a main water supply. They come in different sizes depending on the size of the pipe being installed.
Union Forged Tee
It is tee fitting used in plumbing by combining the functions of a tee and a union. A union tee refers to having a connection of three pipes while also having easy access for maintenance. The fitting is commonly used in applications where it needs frequent service.
Reducing tee is a pipe fitting designed to connect three pipes of different sizes allowing fluids to flow from one bigger pipe to a smaller pipe. It is commonly used when there is a need to branch off a main pipe into two smaller pipes of ether same or different sizes.
A street tee is a fitting with the same shape as a standard tee but this one has threaded connection on one of the branches. The threaded side opening has female end to allow a male pipe to fit into it.
Equal tee is also known as straight tee, is a fitting with three openings of the same size or diameter. It is designed to connect the pipes with similar size also using methods like threading or compression fittings.
They are widely used in plumbing applications including distribution of fluids evenly through all the pipe channels and creating junctions.
Forged Street Tee
Forged tee is a pipe fitting combining the features of a street tee and a forged tee. Forged aspect simply means the two branches have ends that have sockets and can be fitted through welding or soldering.
The other main branch has threaded end that allows it to connect with a threaded pipe also
A cross tee is a pipe fitting that has four openings allowing it to connect four pipes of the same diameter at right angles to each other.
It usually has a shape of a plus sign hence suitable for applications where it requires equal flow distribution in multiple directions.
Forged Cross Tee
This is a fitting used in plumbing and piping system made through a forging process in order to increase a strong connection and durability. It has four openings similar to cross tee but the openings are forged. Forging typically means shaping metal while it is in its solid state
It is also known as side outlet tee or a lateral tee, used to create a diversion of fluids from a main pipe into a smaller pipe on the side.
Branched tee has three openings, one that is connected to the main pipe and the other two are connected to the branched pipes which are usually small in diameter. It is suitable in situations where it is required to create a branch for distribution of fluids into a different pipe line.
Forged Male Branch Tee
This is specific type of pipe fitting having features of a branched tee with one side male threaded at the end. It is typically manufactured through forged process to increase its durability.
One opening is usually connected to the main pipe as the other two are used for side branches. This fitting is used in piping and plumbing applications that need to create a branch connection
Forged all Male Tee
Forged all male tee is a three opening pipe fitting that have exterior threading at each of the openings. It is used in situations where you need to connect three female pipes.
Forged all male tees makes it possible to connect the three pipes without a need for additional adapters.
Female Threaded Tee
Female threaded tee is a fitting designed with three openings that have internal threading on each of its ends. This only allows a connection of pipes that are male threaded.
7. Brass Nipple Pipe Fitting
Brass pipe nipple is a short brass pipe which has threads on both ends that is used to connect two pipes for tight connection
Hex nipple is a pipe fitting with threads on both end and a rotation of hexagonal shape (six sided) around the middle part. The presence of hexagonal shape is to allow easy installation of pipes. Hex nipples is used in plumbing applications to connect two female thread end pipes.
Reducing HEX Nipple
Reducing HEX nipple is fitting that has thread on both end but of different diameter and a hexagonal shape in the middle.
It is designed to connect two pipes of different diameters with female thread ends. Common in applications where a transition from a larger pipe to a smaller pipe is needed.
Long nipple is a pipe fitting having threads on both sides and it is longer compared to standard nipple. The extension length is there to allow easy connections of pipes that require more extended connection. Or pipes set farther apart.
Close nipple is also known as close pipe nipple, is a type of brass pipe fitting that is short in length than the normal nipple. Close nipple is recommended to be used to connect two pipes that are close to each other.
Tapered nipple is type of pipe fitting with threads on both ends that are usually tapered. Tapered thread are thread that constantly become narrow towards the end. It is designed to create a tight connection hence the best when it comes to situations where secure connection is vital.
Threaded Brass Extension Nipple
A threaded brass extension nipple is a type of nipple that has threads on both side with an elongated design on one side. This nipple is design to connect two pipes while allowing it to have a separation between the two connections. They come in different sizes depending on the application.
A swage nipple is a fitting with threaded ends that are different in diameter. Swage nipple is used to transition a pipe diameter from a larger one to a smaller one.
8. Brass Coupling Pipe Fitting
This another type of brass fitting that is used to connect two pipes in a straight line. They are usually designed with female threads to allow the two pieces of pipes to create a continuous connection.
This is a specific type of coupling designed to connect two pipes and creating a continuous and seamless look from the outside.
Reducing coupling is a fitting that has two ends with different diameter allowing them to transition pipes from bigger size to a smaller size.
This is a type of coupling fitting that is used to join two pipes I a way that is easy to connect and disconnect. Union coupling is designed with both male and female threaded ends. The two different ends the connect and disconnect easily without damaging the pipes.
Flare coupling is a type of fitting that has a unique design which involves flaring the end of the pipe before connecting it the coupling. Flaring refers to formation of a 45-degree angle at the end of the pipe. Flare coupling is used for connecting two sections pipes together by inserting the flared end of one tube into the coupling and tighten the nut onto the thread end of the other pipe.
It is a type of fitting that has a hexagonal shape in the middle that provide a grip when installing and removal. Hexagonal coupling is purposely used to connect two pieces of pipes together in a straight line.
Socket Weld Brass Coupling
This is a type of fitting designed to connect two pipes in a socket weld connection. Socket weld connection refers to joining the two pipes by inserting their ends into the socket then welding the joints.
9. Brass Cap Fitting
CAP is a brass manufactured seal fitting that is used to cover the end of a pipe or tubing. This prevents fluids from flowing in that direction.
10. Brass Valve Fitting
There are many brass valve fittings. Ideally, the brass valves are design to control fluid flow in many ways. They can regulate, or stop fluid flow depending on the valve types.
Some common types of brass valves include:
Gate valve is a type of fitting commonly used in plumbing to control the flow of fluids. The name “gate valve” means it has a gate system inside that can be raised to open or lowered to close.it is usually has threads that are connected to a pipe easily
Brass check valve fitting is also known as a non- return valve, is a type of valve used in plumbing to allow fluids to flow in one direction. Check valve usually has a system inside that prevents fluids from flowing backwards.
Ball valve is a type of valve that uses spherical ball that has a hole at the center as the flow control element. The ball inside the valve is connected to a handle or a lever that can be rotated to allow water to flow or not. The ball valve is always connected to a pipe and used where quick control of fluid or gas is needed.
In short, there are many types of brass valve fittings such as globe valve, flow control valve, butterfly valve, angle valve, pressure relief valve, piston valve, needle valve, plug valve, and safety valve, among others.
11. Brass P-trap Fitting
A brass p trap is a plumbing fitting made from brass that is used in drain systems to prevent sewer gases from coming out. The name p-trap come from the shape it has when viewed horizontally.
12. Brass Flare Fitting
This is a pipe fitting used as a connection between two pieces of pipes or tubing, especially where high pressure gas or fluid are involved. It has both male and female threaded ends that are usually connected to the pipes.
Besides, the seal in a flare fitting is made through compression of the flared end of a pipe or tubing against the cone shaped form inside a female fitting.
13. Brass Swivel Fitting
Brass swivel is a fitting made of brass that provides a rotation connection between two pipes. The swivel fitting comes with threaded ends in both sides to be fixed easily to the pipes. It is used in applications like industrial machinery, hydraulic system and where flexible movement is needed.
14. Brass Push to Connect Fitting
It is a brass fitting designed for easy and quick installation in plumbing when connecting pipes. In order to make a connection, you require push the pipe into the socket of the fitting until it clicks into place. It offers a leak free connection that is very reliable after installation.
15. Brass Garden Hose Fitting
This is a special fitting designed for connecting hoses, sprinklers, nozzles and any other outdoor watering application. Generally, brass garden hose has threaded connection to be able to connect with hoses tightly.
16. Brass Flange Pipe Fitting
A brass flange is a flat and disc shape fitting with holes around them used to connect two pipes. The holes around the flanges circumference are for attaching bolts when connecting the two pipes together.
During connection of pipes while using flanges, gaskets are usually placed in between the flange faces to create a sealed joint.
Depending on your unique requirements, you can choose any type of brass fittings for any unique application requirement.
Whether you want to change brass pipe size, direction or regulate flow, there is always the best brass fitting for you.
At D&R, we help you get the best fitting – from design, end configuration to best brass grade. Contact us now for all your brass pipe fittings.